Much like refugees, Ugandan smallholder farmers lack farming skills, handling techniques and access to services such as credit and insurance. Storage facilities are often inadequate to protect harvested crops from pests, moisture, and mould, which results in losses of up to 30 percent. In the northern and eastern regions, and particularly in Karamoja, rain scarcity can exacerbate food insecurity, forcing families to sell off their assets, take their children out of school or resort to environmentally harming practices to secure food.
While the poverty rate declined from 31 percent in 2005/2006 to 19.7 percent in 2012/2013, impetuous population growth has meant that the absolute number of poor people has not decreased.
On average, nearly half of all Ugandans consume less calories than they need every day. One in three school children have no food to eat during the school day.