Objective

To promote the sustainable right to adequate Living and access to justice in food, health, and trade systems.

Action

Under this program, CEFROHT conducts legal research, and offers legal advisory on economic rights, rights to food, nutrition and health. Through both strategic and pro-bono litigation, CEFROHT defines rights to adequate food, health and trade, as well as redress to violations of such rights.

We also seek to promote access to justice by using quasi-judicial bodies like The Uganda Human Rights Commission (UHRC) and the Equal Opportunities Commission (EOC)

Currently, CEFROHT is conducting 6 public interest cases on the right to food and livelihood filed in different courts in Uganda and East Africa. This includes the High Court of Uganda, The Constitutional Court, and the East African Court of Justice (EACJ).

At CEFROHT we promote access to justice by taking on pro bono cases where the right to food and livelihood have been violated. We take on pro bono cases such as where a breadwinner abandons their family and stops providing the basic needs.

Completed cases

This case was filed to challenge government’s inaction and failure to implement a constitutional duty to establish food reserves in the country. And to also make a clear plan for vulnerable persons food support in the country. Court however decided that it was equally legal for government to substitute that constitutional duty with other alternatives. CEFROHT is appealing the decision.

Many children were left in houses without parents because, in many slum dwellers single parents households survive on street vending. These were arrested and convicted during COVID-19 lockdown. CEFROHT, intervened and applied to court to set these parents free. CEFROTH has so far helped 20 families to reunite and convictions have been quashed.

Pending cases

This case was filed in 2019 by CEFROHT in the High Court challenging government’s omission to ensure the safety of food donations from the World Food Program (WFP). Vulnerable communities in North Eastern Uganda were supplied with food that killed some and many were hospitalized. Ministry of Health and WFP in Uganda agreed that the food was contaminated with Aflatoxins. CEFROHT specifically is asking the court to order the government to implement the constitutional duty of establishing food reserves as required by the constitution and compensate families who suffered this violation.

This case was filed to challenge the Uganda Public-Private Partnership legal framework that violate the right to information and the right to public Participations. CEFROHT asks the constitutional court to declared some provisions inconsistent with the constitution, amend s the law to provide for public participation in the Public-Private Participation

This case follows the border closure between Uganda and Rwanda. This (according to CEFROHT) is a violation of the East African Community Treaty, economic rights of East Africans, and violation of the right to livelihood of the border communities.

This case challenges the government’s omission in restricting the marketing of unhealthy food and nonalcoholic beverages to children. The food industry in Uganda has unfettered liberty to advertise, promote, and sponsor the unhealthy food on all media platforms and even in schools. This is not only posing a danger to children because of the non-communicable diseases but a threat and violation of children’s rights due to their credulity. The court is asked to order the government to restrict marketing to watershed periods

There is high food contamination due to chemicals. This case is challenging the government’s inaction to regulate chemicals in food production, processing, storage, in Markets, and preparation throughout the country. CEFROHT is, therefore, asking the court to order the government to issue guidelines and laws to regulate chemical use in farming and in the food markets in Uganda.

Oil palm Uganda Ltd (OPUL) is under a Public-Private Partnership with the government of Uganda to implement a palm oil project in Uganda. However, under this investment, there are no social or human rights investments and many women working in these investments have been subjected to human rights violations and other workers’ rights are under a threat. Under this case, the court has been asked to order the government to amend the Investment code Act to include human rights and social impact assessments and compensate the women whose rights were violated in the palm oil investments in Uganda.

KEY NOTE

CEFORHT strategically engages in legal aspects impacting food, health, and trade, through framing adequate food, nutrition, health, and trade issues as social justice, constitutional claims, and entitlements.